NEW CATALYTIC PROCESSES FOR THE PRODUCTION OF SECOND GENERATION BIOFUELS

Abstract: 

The substitution of petroleum-based fuels by alternative and mainly biomass-based fuels has been a major research and technological objective for the last 15 years. The so-called œsecond generation biofuels that use mainly agricultural or forestry by-products, residues and wastes as raw materials have been suggested as a more promising alternative to first generation biofuels (biodiesel and bioethanol from edible materials).

The main aim of the project is the development of integrated catalytic processes for the sustainable production of liquid(gasoline, diesel) and gaseous(H2) 2nd generation biofuels, using lignocellulosic biomass or highly acidic vegetable oils as raw materials.

The research activities of the project can be grouped in the following workpackages:

  1. Optimization of the catalytic flash pyrolysis of lignocellulosic biomass (BFP) process, aiming at the production of bio-oil with improved composition/properties, appropriate for catalytic upgrading to œgreen fuels (gasoline, diesel, hydrogen).
  2. Development of new catalytic process for the production of œgreen gasoline via catalytic cracking of the improved (de-oxygenated) organic phase of bio-oil (or mixtures with petroleum fractions).
  3. Development of new process for the production of green diesel via catalytic hydrotreatment of the organic phase of bio-oil or acidic vegetable oils (or mixtures with petroleum fractions).
  4. Development of optimized catalytic process for the production of 2 for PEM type fuel cells comprising three stages: steam reforming/partial oxidation of the aqueous fraction of bio-oil, water-gas shift(WGS) reaction to convert CO to CO2, and selective methanation of remaining CO.

The expected results are:

  • Novel micro/mesoporous and supported-metal catalytic materials.
  • Integrated catalytic processes for the production of 2nd generation biofuels.
  • Mechanistic models describing the structure-property relations of the new catalysts.
  • Training of young researchers.

Project info

Acronym:
CAT-BIOFUEL
Scientific Coordinator:
Lappas Angelos A.
Research Team 2 Leader:
Papayannakos Nikolaos
Research Team 3 Leader:
Verykios E.Xenophon

Stats

I.D.:
1016
Mis:
380405
Budget:
600 000.00

Document Library

News