INTEGRATED MANAGEMENT OF VEGETATION AT ARCHAEOLOGICAL SITES TO PROTECT MONUMENTS AND ENHANCE THE HISTORICAL LANDSCAPE

Abstract: 

Native vegetation, an integral part of archaeological sites (AS), contributing to their character and beauty, if uncontrolled causes various major problems to the site. Conventional methods of weed control often cause additional deterioration to the monument and the environment.

Aim of the project proposed is twofold: Primarily the development of weed control methods friendly to the environment and monuments and secondly the integration of these methods in the design of AS.

Workpackages:

  1. Seven AS selected based on their geographic location will undergo a survey to record species and density of spontaneous vegetation and associated problems to the sites, as well as various types of surfaces with inert materials present and their effectiveness to deal with weed establishment. A log of plant species and types of inert material surfaces associated to problems caused to the AS will be developed, as well as a compiled GIS database of the above log suitable for mapping and spatial analyses of AS which allows to calculate and assess the spread and the effect of spontaneous vegetation.
  2. Alternative methods will be developed and assessed in situ to manage unwanted vegetation, such as prescribed burning, soil solarization, use of appropriate aggregates for surfaces to accommodate visitor access, burial of mosaics not-displayed and selective use of herbicides and plant growth regulators.
  3. Native herbaceous and shrubby species will be assessed for potential use in AS and protocols developed for their propagation and cultivation. Mixes of these species suitable for produce from nurseries and seed industries will be evaluated in laboratory plots and in situ as for the potential to establish a groundcover that prevents growth of destructive weeds and enhances the landscape.
  4. Guidelines that integrate methods friendly to the environment and ruins to control unwanted vegetation with design principles will give new space, function and semantic structure to AS.

Project info

Acronym:
ARCHAEOSCAPE
Coordinating Institution:
Agricultural University of Athens
Scientific Coordinator:
Papafotiou Maria
Research Team 2 Leader:
Economou Garyfalia
Research Team 3 Leader:
Lefas Pavlos
Research Team 4 Leader:
Kartsonas Epaminondas

Stats

I.D.:
1030
Mis:
380237
Duration (months):
45
Budget:
600 000.00
Diavgeia:
ΑΔΑ: Β4169-Ψ1Κ