ENERGY EFFICIENCY OF ROAD NETWORKS AND VEHICLES: MEASUREMENT, PRICING, REGIONAL AND ENVIRONMENTAL EFFECTS

Abstract: 

In the relevant literature, the evaluation of the transportation activities with respect to road haulage, in economic, and subsequently in social welfare terms, is mainly based on Pigou externalities; that is on the burden that each user imposes on the road system. Recently, the notion of these externalities has been broadened and focuses on issues of emissions which are directly associated to the energy efficiency of road transportation systems (Johansson & Stenman, 2006).

Energy efficiency of the transportation systems is considered to be the most crucial factor towards the minimization of environmental pollution especially in the case of the developed economies where the transportation sector is the most significant energy consumer. In addition, the significance of the energy efficiency for the social welfare may be established both in terms of the "œtraditional" economic development as well as in terms of the "œsustainable" development (Tietenberg & Lewis, 2009).

Towards this direction, losses in terms of energy efficiency are directly associated to

  • the specific technological characteristics of the vehicles and the road networks which are considered to be a production system where "œbad outputs" are present (Seiford & Zhu, 2002),
  • the particularities of the management of the supply chain systems and
  • the overall productive efficiency of the activities in which transportation and especially the road haulage contributes as an input.

Thus, the objective of the proposed research is twofold:

  • to estimate the losses of energy efficiency in road transportation networks in the context of multidimensional technology heterogeneity, and
  • to develop a transportation management system which will maximize social welfare in both economic and environmental terms.

In this direction, our effort aims at advancing the state-of-the-art in several fields, including economics, transportation science, electrical engineering and operations research.

Project info

Acronym:
EERNV
Coordinating Institution:
University of Patras
Scientific Coordinator:
Tsekouras Kostas
Research Team 2 Leader:
Psounis Konstantinos
Research Team 3 Leader:
Karlaftis Matthew

Stats

I.D.:
715
Mis:
380232
Duration (months):
44
Budget:
549 900.00
Diavgeia:
ΑΔΑ: Β4169-ΔΦΘ

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