DEVELOPMENT OF NEW MATERIAL FROM WASTE BIOMASS FOR HYDROCARBONS ADSORPTION IN AQUATIC ENVIRONMENTS

Abstract: 

Oil spills are the major cause of marine pollution, occurring either accidentally in open seas or during routine ship operations in harbors or seashores. Especially in the latter case, the consequences of pollution are often severe to coastal ecosystems due to the rapid spreading of the spills and the variety of weathering processes that can occur; unless acting promptly, cleanup becomes extremely complicated as it should be relevant to the undergoing process.

Mechanical recovery by sorbents is the most common countermeasure, employing mainly synthetic polymers with low densities and water uptake, despite their high cost and their limited efficiency to handle trace levels. Concerns are also raised about their environmental impact, as these sorbents are neither renewable nor biodegradable. Waste biomass can provide low cost environmental friendly materials, having densities close to that of synthetic polymers or even lower, and oil sorption capacities that can be further increased by surface modifications.

This Work aims at the development of novel materials from waste biomass (recyclable lignocellulosics, e.g. wood chips, straw or paper pulp) for the adsorption of hydrocarbons (diesel, crude oil, residual oil, etc.) in aquatic environments (coastal areas, marshes, inland waters, etc.). Within the context of Industrial Ecology, which postulates a holistic/systemic approach to environmental problems by employing synergy and external economies (externalities), this Work focuses on wastes exploitation for abating another kind of pollution, occurring preferably near the wastes disposal site for minimizing transportation costs.

The Work involves eleven Workpackages, hosting 26 activities in total, served by a completely integrated methodological framework that covers both, the strict scientific/physicochemical part and the technical/economic part, with a view to formulating tradeable/marketable industrial products at competitive cost under real market conditions.

Project info

Acronym:
INOVBIOMASS
Coordinating Institution:
University of Piraeus
Scientific Coordinator:
Sidiras Dimitris
Research Team 2 Leader:
Apostolopoulos George
Research Team 3 Leader:
Hatziavramidis Dimitris
Research Team 4 Leader:
Kamarinopoulos Leonidas

Stats

I.D.:
770
Mis:
377356
Duration (months):
48
Diavgeia:
ΑΔΑ: Β4ΛΜ9-6Φ8

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