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The European Social Survey (ESS) started in 2002 as European research project, with the decision of the Standing Committee on the Social Sciences, at the European Science Foundation (ESF), to confront the absence of reliable, academic tools to measure and manage the changes of social attitudes and values across Europe.

The ESS measures the attitudes, beliefs and behavior patterns of diverse populations across Europe through fieldwork, which takes place every two years in more than thirty nations. It makes use of an extensive questionnaire which includes a central core but also sections adapting to specific issues.

The findings are open and available for processing through the central website of the program.

Excelled program in Social Sciences


Greece has participated in ESS through the National Centre For Social Research (EKKE) since the first round (2002). The fieldwork was conducted for the fifth time from May till July 2011 and was important because: a) it provided reliable data to Greece and comparable to those of other European countries b) it reinforced the connection between the national and European research, c) it facilitated the access of social scientists to quantitatively comparative measurements and analysis, d) it increased the visibility and the range of data which concern social changes in order to be used by agencies of the academic and research community, by policy makers and the wider public. The separate sections were adapted to the subject of “Trust in justice and the police legitimacy” as well as to area of “Work, family and prosperity”.

At the same time, the EKKE took the initiative to organize and offer a special graduate course, aiming to familiarize course participants with data analysis, in association with the graduate programs of the Faculty of Political Science and Public Administration (UoA) and the Department of Social Policy, at Panteion University. Furthermore, for dissemination purposes, the EKKE organized several workshops, conferences and special events for the media, with relevant content.

The EKKE has also published two collective volumes (2007 and 2011) and it has used the ESS data for an important number of research documents and texts related to policies. Currently, the participation of Greece at the seventh round of ESS, which will take place in 2014, is being planned.

ESS, 2011

The European Social Survey (ESS) follows very strict rules regarding the translation of questions, sampling, fieldwork, etc. in order to produce reliable data that could be used in other comparative research.

The participation of Greece in this research since 2002, produces multiple benefits as it creates reliable time series of data and at the same time it disseminates its methodology to other research programs.

The central activities of the ESS are being funded by the Framework Programs of the European Commission and the European Science Foundation while the field research in each country is being funded by national resources.


ESS 5th Round National coordinator: Dr. Joanna Tsiganou

Head of international affairs, communication and tools: Dr. Manina Kakepaki