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During the last few years, the E-learning support team from the TEI of Athens, has been focusing on developing best practices in e-learning and e-examinations.

The term e-learning (e-learning) is used for ’distance learning’ which came to fill in the gaps of the regular, face-to-face teaching. Professors and students may be located in different places, while education may be taking place synchronously or asynchronously.

E-examinations take place through a computer and the answers are recorded electronically. The new examination method is quite common abroad but it has also begun taking place in Greece.

The aim of the TEI of Athens team is to attract student interest, enrich their knowledge and skills in a creative way at an individual level, as well as to increase the assimilation knowledge rate and therefore, improve performance in examinations.

Evaluating e-assessment


During the implementation of this action, a survey has taken place in order to identify the reliability of the exam method using multiple choice questions, in relation to the corresponding oral or written examination.

Although the method of examination with multiple choice questions allows the objective and early assessment of knowledge, however it involves the risk of potential error in the total shaping of the score. The fault lies in the possibility of answering a question at random or based on instinct, which does not allow to identify the full knowledge of the background included in the question.

Special emphasis was put on the design and the assessment of the exam questions by the e-learning support team of the TEI of Athens. More specifically, a set of pairs of multiple choice questions (pairs of cross-questions) was developed, avoiding the technique of appointing negative score. At the same time, a suitable calibration algorithm was sought, correlating the right / wrong answer for the pair questions in order to achieve the maximum approach to the score achieved by the student taking oral or written exams.

The implementation of the above research has shown that e-examination through multiple choice questions can be considered as adequately reliable and compete with traditional testing methods, provided that questions will have a robust design and will be following the structure of cross pairs.

Idea Group, Inc
IGI Global

Paper entitled: Higher Education Institutions and Learning Management Systems: Adoption and Standardization, August 2011, edition: IGI Global, ISBN 978-1-60960-884-2.

IGI Global publisher, in year 2010, has invited professors D. Triantis and E. Ventouras from the TEI of Athens, for writing the chapter entitled: Enhancing electronic examinations through advanced multiple-choice questionnaires, following the publication of two innovative scientific articles: Ε. Ventouras, D. Triantis, P. Tsiakas, Ch. Stergiopoulos, “Comparison of oral examination and electronic examination using paired multiple-choice questions”, Computers & Education, 56, 616-624 (2011) and Ε. Ventouras, D. Triantis, P. Tsiakas, Ch. Stergiopoulos, Comparison of examination methods based on multiple-choice questions and constructed-response questions using personal computers, Computers & Education, 54, 455-451 (2010).



E-learning support team
Team Members: D. Triantis, E. Ventouras, I. Stavrakas, G. Hloupis, P. Photopoulos, A. Alexandridis, K. Moutzouris, Ch. Stergiopoulos, P. Tsiakas.